Many car fans can change tyres themselves but not all of them know how to keep them, what is allowed and what is not. For example, it is not recommended to store tyres with lacquer varnish, paint and other chemicals. Unfortunately some drivers store the tyres improperly and do not think that even the strongest tyres can lose their operation properties due to improper storage. It is both true for summer and winter tyres. A few have heard about the Russian Standard GOST Р54266–2010 which specifies how to keep tyres properly. For example, the most important item is to keep tyres at least one meter from heat sources. And the temperature range can be -30 to +35C°. The Standard also specifies how to store tyres without discs and to provide the best conditions to prevent deformation of tyres sides.
In this article we will tell you some practical advice, the most common mistakes in tyres storage, how to store: in standing condition or not, what useful information we can find in the Standard, as well as some tips which are hardly known to most people.
First of all, I will tell you about improper storage. What happens if to store tyres improperly? In this case the following consequences can occur: the tyre can be hard to mount on a disc/ it can be hard or even impossible to balance them. Some problems with pumping can occur. Operational life is shorter due to micro cracks. All these factors have a negative effect on tyre strength. Such tyres are unpredictable on the road.
Some peculiarities of winter and summer tyres storage
I can say that summer and winter tyres are stored in the same way but with some minor differences. In winter tyres the tread is deeper so they should be cleaned more thoroughly from dirt and small stones. Winter tyres are damaged fast from sun exposure and air temperature. But summer tyres are to be stored in a warmer place to prevent them from cracking. Keep away from fire. It is harmful for the tyres and your health.
Tyres should not be stored in the following places:
The tyres are stored in different places. But not all of them are safe.
Stairs of a block of flats. Storage conditions are not ideal there and they can obstacle other residents. Tyres can be stored outside but not longer than 1 month. The main factor is to cover them with a tent or a cloth protecting from environment conditions, sun and moisture. Open balcony or cold metal garage. If to store tyres there, they will be damaged by micro cracks or rust on the discs. Less than 1 meter from heat sources or sparking objects. Otherwise tyres will be too tough. On the shelves with sharp corners and edges. On wet or very cold surface. The floor or the shelf should be flat, non-frozen and dry. On asphalt, sand, snow. Such surface will damage tyres strength. In this case tyres are to be hanged above the surface. Long storage with combustible materials and chemical materials: petrol, liquid petroleum oil, paint, etc.. To put tyres in narrow places. To put on tyres any objects. High humidity places or with dry air. High ozone treatment. Ozone is a main enemy of rubber. It can be produced by luminescent lamps. Secure tyres tightly. If a tyre falls down from the height of more than 1,5 m, it can damage bead rings. In this case tyres will be hardly damaged and cannot be used.
That’s all about forbidden places. And now some useful recommendations how and where to store tyres.
Where to store tyres
What conditions are applicable? I will tell you how to store tyres. Temperature. Russian national standard GOST specifies applicable temperature range -30°C to +35°C. Heavy frost damages tyres. Ideal storage temperature is +15°C and permissible temperature limit is -10 to +25°C.Strong temperature fluctuations also damage tyres integrity. If tyres are exposed to cold weather for a long time, keep it for some time at above 0°C before mounting them on a car. Humidity. Ideal humidity is 50 to 60%. Strong humidity changes are not allowed. Air humidity of less than 50% and higher than 90% can cause cracks in tyres. Exposure to the sun. Sun and UV rays affect tyres badly and can cause cracks due to dryness. The tyre can be easily broken.
Tyres are to be stored in a free space. Even a small object placed on a tyre for a long time can cause deformation. Choose dry and dark place with good ventilation, such as our containers!